A commercial pilot license is a type of pilot license that permits the holder to act as a pilot of an aircraft and be paid for his/her work.
The basic requirements to obtain the license and the privileges it confers are agreed internationally by International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). However, the actual implementation varies quite widely from country to country. To be eligible for a commercial pilot license in the Philippines, the applicant must be able to read, speak, write, and understand English: already hold a private pilot license, have received training in the areas of a commercial pilot, and successfully complete the relevant written exams. To proceed in obtaining a commercial pilot license, the applicant must first obtain first-class medical certification. Upon completing those prerequisites the applicant will then receive an exam from the governing aviation body that consists of an oral and practical flight test from an examiner. Applicants for a CPL must also have completed a solo cross-country flight of at least 300 nm with full-stop landings at two airfields other than the pilot's airfield of origin.
An applicant must have a minimum of 150 hours of flight instruction in order to obtain a commercial pilot's license. This includes 70 hours as pilot-in-command, 20 hours of cross-country flight time as pilot-in-command including a cross country flight totaling not less than 540 km (300 NM) in the course of which full-stop landings at two different aerodromes shall be made and an introduction Instrument Flight Rule (IFR).
Also, students must not be less than 18 years of age before they are allowed to take the commercial pilot license.
Receive and log ground training from an authorized instructor on the following subjects:
(i) Air law: rules and regulations relevant to the holder of a CPL (A); rules of the air; appropriate air traffic services practices and procedures
(ii) Aircraft general knowledge: (A) principles of operation and functioning of airplane powerplants, systems and instruments: (B) operating limitations of appropriate airplanes and powerplants; relevant operational information from the flight manual or other appropriate document; (C) use and serviceability checks of equipment and systems of appropriate airplanes; (D) maintenance procedures for airframes, systems and powerplants of appropriate airplanes;
(iii) Flight performance and planning: (A) effects of loading and mass distribution on airplane handling, flight characteristics and performance; mass and balance calculations; (B) use and practical application of take-off, landing and other performance data; (C) pre-flight and en-route flight planning appropriate to operations under VFR; preparation and filing of air traffic services flight plans; appropriate air traffic services procedures;
(iv) Human performance: human performance relevant to the CPL (A);
(v) Meteorology: (A) interpretation and application of aeronautical meteorological reports. charts and forecasts; use of, and procedures for obtaining, meteorological information, pre-flight and in-flight; altimetry; (B) aeronautical meteorology; climatology of relevant areas in respect of the elements having an effect upon aviation; the moment of pressure systems. the structure of fronts; and the origin and characteristics of significant weather phenomena which affect take-off, en-route and landing conditions; hazardous weather avoidance;
(vi) Navigation: air navigation. including the use of aeronautical charts, instruments and navigation aids; understanding of the principles and characteristics of appropriate navigation systems; operation of air borne equipment
(vii) Operation procedures: (A) use of aeronautical documentation such as AIR; NOTAM, aeronautical codes and abbreviations: (B) appropriate precautionary and emergency procedures; (C) operational procedures for carriage of freight; potential hazards associated with dangerous goods; (D) requirements and practices for safety briefing to passengers, including precautions to be observed when embarking and disembarking from airplanes;
(viii) Principles of flight: principles of flight relating to airplanes;
(ix) Radiotelephony: (A) radiotelephony procedures and phraseology as applied to VFR operations; action to be taken in case of communication failure: